Concept of Learning

July 30th, 2008 by Jashodhara Purkayastha

Define learning. Discuss the characteristics of learning.

Learning is the modification of behavior & experience. It is of a lasting nature & relatively permanent. It is not brought by biological or physiological factors.

According to Gates & others: “Learning is the modification of behavior through experience”.

According to Kingsley & Garry : “Learning is the process by which behavior is originated or changes through practice or training”.

According to Peel: “Learning is a change in the individual following upon changes in his environment”.

Learning is a life long process. It takes place throughout the life, from womb to tomb. The unborn child which is in the womb also starts learning .eg. Abhimanyu learnt about chakravyu from inside mother’s womb

Learning is modification of behavior but all modification of behavior is not learning. For example: Undesirable modification of behavior i.e. bad habit, immoral conducts, behavioral changes due to maturation, fatigue, influence of drugs, alcohol etc. Changes brought by these processes are unstable. Without adjusting & adapting to a surrounding, we can not survive. Learning proceeds in a step by step manner.

Characteristics of Learning.

1) 1.Learning is co- terminus with life: From the beginning to the end of the life , the individual goes through the process of learning. It is the life long process. (e.g. child cries – gets food, repeats whenever hungry.)

2) 2.Learning is change/ modification of behavior: All learning is the modification of behavior but all modification of behavior are not learning.

3) Learning implies cumulative improvement: Initial attempts are crude & exploratory in nature. Actions are undifferentiated & often the response is wrong. With proper training the child learns to reduce his errors & performs his task with ease. E.g. child learns writing—scribbles— write—alphabets

4) Learning is universal: Learning does not require a place to acquire knowledge At every moment of life an individual learns through his experience, changes in environment. E.g. when a child goes to circus and learns about different animals.

5) Learning is purposeful: All our actions are governed by purpose & motive. The expectation may be

· Self expectation e.g. one’s desire to get first rank in the class.

· Parental e.g. parents expectation about his child

· Teacher e.g. Teacher expectation for the students

6) Learning is growth but never ending growth: It is continuous not restricted to childhood. A person continuously acquires new vision & new ideas e.g. During childhood, we learn alphabets & numbers, but as we grow we learn different languages & we keep on learning.

7) Learning is goal oriented: Learning involves goal/ motive. e.g. If an individual wants to become a teacher the goal may be to provide the best to the students by creating interest for studies.

8) Learning may be right or wrong: Change of behavior may not be always directed towards improvement or positive development e.g. learning gambling, cheating —bad behavior.

9) Learning is transferable : Transfer occurs when there is similarity of content, techniques, procedures ideals & attitudes. E.g Knowledge of playing sitar helps to play guitar, knowledge of playing harmonium helps to play Casio.

10) Learning is intelligent: Meaningless efforts do not produce permanent result. E.g. when a child learns something unintelligent way, he is likely to forget it very soon.

         There is no age, time,place of learning.Degrees or diplomas may not provide you real learning but needs perseverance, persistence and pertinacity.

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Importance of Acupressure

July 24th, 2008 by Jashodhara Purkayastha

The treatment of acupressure was practiced in India 3000 thousand years ago. But we did not keep it in proper way. During the reign of Buddha, this treatment started blooming again. Buddhist Bhikshu travelled in China, Japan, Srilanka for spreading Lord Buddha’s teaching. Chinese people accepted this treatment and spread acupressure in all over the world.

Our body is a wonderful machine in which all the parts work like magic. When any part of our body gets disturbed, we fall sick. Acupressure is God’s gift to mankind as THAT(God) has created sun, wind and water. There is no side effect of this treatment. This is the only treatment by which we can keep the body free from many diseases. It gives the inner energy to all the organs and keeps us healthy.

As metabolism continuously take place in our Body, this treatment removes unwanted cells and creates energy for necessary cells. This method helps in the electrifying flow to immobile parts of the Body. The nervous system is regenerated physically. Acupressure helps to regularize the function of Thyroid, Pituitary, Pineal, Pancreas and Endocrine glands.

According to the diseases, nerve points are pressed from 30 to 120 seconds. The pressure has to be as per comfort of the patient. It is like piezoelectric technic developing voltage due to stress.

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Reaping the Seed

July 24th, 2008 by Jashodhara Purkayastha

Once a sadhu (sage) was telling children about different life styles. After that he asked questions.”What do you want to become in your life? I mean to say, what is your aim in life? Small children always want whatever they see in their daily life. One child raised his hand and said, ” I want to become a sage”.  Why? asked the sage. The child said, “I can get more food and I will talk to people”. Another child said “I want to become a bus conductor as he is having lot of money in his bag”. Everyone present there laughed aloud. The third child said, “I want to see myself on T.V. If I am there everyone will recognize me” Hearing this, the sage said, “it is easy to say, but difficult to apply. A sage’s life is very difficult, a rigorous life. A conductor has to give the full account at the end of the day. Each coin has to be accounted for. Watching T.V is recreational, but the  people who are there on T.V are working day and night to become successful”.

Suddenly a young sage raised  his hand and requested the elder sage to grant him permission to talk. Then he said, “if you want to become this and that you tell your mind everyday the same thing. You keep on feeding your mind the same thing and you will see that whatever you thought, has come true one day. This happens due to setting a goal which goes to your subconscious mind. We should programme our mind correctly without hesitation and having firm faith. You will become very happy”. All the children liked it and wondered about the power of the Mind.

Reap the seed as early as possible and get the juiciest fruit of your choice.

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