February 10th, 2008 by Jashodhara Purkayastha

Tension or stress is the physical and mental state of a person. Stress creates excitement or instability. In this condition, people cannot work and think e.g. if a person is hungry, he becomes tensed and will go for searching food, when he gets his food, the instability of the mind goes away.

According to Gates and others, ’Tension is a state of disequilibrium which disposes the organism to do something to remove the stimulating condition’.
According to Drever,”Tension means general sense of disturbance of equilibrium”

Experts tell us that stress, in moderate doses are necessary in our life. Stress responses are one of our body’s best defence systems against outer and inner dangers. In a risky situation e.g in case of accident, body releases stress hormones that instantly make us more alert and our senses become more focused. The body is also prepared to act with increased strength and speed in a pressure situation. It is supposed to keep us sharp and ready for action.

Sources of stress

  1. Illness
  2. Death
  3. Excessive demand
  4. Aggressiveness
  5. Hard driving
  6. Workaholics
  7. Negative behaviour of other e.g. jealously
  8. Economic condition
  9. Physical condition

Direct Method of Tension Reduction

According to Gates and others :- “Direct methods are typically employed to solve a particular adjustment problem once and for all”.

According to Gate—To reduce the stress the following methods are used :-


  1. Destroying the barrier which is not allowing him to reach his goal e.g. The person who stammers can overcome his physical weaknesses by chewing.
  2. When a person cannot overcome his stress he tries to find out some other path to reach his goal e.g. If a child wants to pick up a mango from a tall tree, he takes a stick or throws stones to get it.
  3. If a person fails to get his primary aim, he changes his aim to reach his goal e.g. Due to rainy season, if the children cannot play outdoor games, they play some indoor games to fulfill their goals.
  4. If a person cannot decide the aims between two good options, then he should analyse or think of his previous experience to reach his goals e.g. If a good student cannot decide to choose his career as a engineer or doctor, he should analyse in which subject he is good – Maths or Biology.

Posted in Psychology | 1 Comment »

One Response

  1. Ani mehta Says:

    Thank you so much for the notes

Leave a Comment

Mail:   (will not be published)

Please note: Comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. There is no need to resubmit your comment.