November 24th, 2009 by Jashodhara Purkayastha
Pavlov’s theory is known as conditioning theory. According to this theory, the learner learns to transfer a response from one stimulus to purely neutral stimulus.
Four elements of this theory
This theory is useful in classroom teaching:
1. Through conditioning good habits can be formed.
E.g. ‘Star’ ¤ against the Name, if previous day’s lesson revised and answered correctly.
2. Through conditioning emotion, a teacher can make teaching-learning effective. E.g. Frowning or Smiling Face
3. Teacher can bring interest for the school subjects by some conditioning. E.g. Displaying of Subject charts.
4. It develops positive attitude.
5. Conditioning enables the students to change his outlook.
6. Develop Sympathy. E.g. Through pictures and stories of moral values
7. Uproot the false belief. E.g. Stories of Saints proving the misconceptions.
8. Fear, love or hatred created towards an object or events.
9. Most of the learning is associated with the process of conditioning from the beginning. E.g. “Stand-erect” command or National flag display before a Prayer or Anthem.
10. Parents at home and teachers at school show affection, loving attitude, and sympathetic treatment produce a desirable impact on children through the process of conditioning.