Divine Relationship

October 28th, 2009 by Jashodhara Purkayastha

During Vedic period, teacher was regarded  as Guru and teacher’s wife as Guru Maa (mother). Guru is the person who shows the path to improve in life. Guru is given the place of ( Brahma, Vishnu & Maheshwara ) God. So it was the purest relationship on earth. One can imagine how much responsibility the person should have to become a Guru. He had to control his vices. Guru in those days, used to teach the disciple to become a complete man.

When man started progressing slowly, school and college were established and teachers were appointed. Students bow their head, heart and soul to the teacher. They fully surrender themselves to the teaching community. They treat them as their parents in the schools or colleges.  Small children believe their teacher more than their mother in many contexts.

Parents protect their children. They save them from unwanted events. They protect them from devil’s hand. They want their offspring to grow and blossom like flower. Everyone recognizes the beauty, fragrance and service of the flowers. Parents want their offspring to flourish like flower and spread the fragrance everywhere.

When a teacher does not play the role of Parent and indulge in immoral, corrupt, devil like behaviour, the Society will go to hell. Students fearlessly surrender to the Teacher and the teacher in turn build up their character. The biggest sin is committed when this Trust is broken.

Small children learn Social values, Moral values, Humanity, Brotherhood, etc. in school and colleges. They apply everything they learnt in school later in their life as they grasp from 2.5 years to 15 years the most.

At the end, why people choose this profession. Now-a-days it has become easy to take up this profession when no other course is possible. They did not have the talent to grasp those values which right education can give. While selecting Teachers in Schools and Colleges, spiritual, emotional and moral quotient has to be given importance.  Questionnaire should be set to evaluate. If they can’t keep the value of relationship, it is not correct to be in this noble profession. Divinity should not be affected by unwanted act.

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Posted in Philosophy, Psychology, Social Issues | 2 Comments »

Attention

October 13th, 2009 by Jashodhara Purkayastha

Attention means fixing the mind or thoughts on something. Attention is the basic need for all successful teaching. Attention is always present in conscious life and is common to all types of mental activity. It is a necessary condition for all types of mental activities. It is the concentration of consciousness upon one object or other. According to Ross,” Attention is the process of getting an object of thought clearly before the mind”

Domville has defined attention as—“It is the concentration of consciousness upon one object rather than upon another”. It is the weapon of teaching –learning process. It is the duty of a teacher to create interest, so that the child should be attentive in the class. If the child is attentive in the class, the teacher can motivate him to study well.

Involuntary Attention: It is a spontaneous attention. It does not require any effort on the part of an individual. E.g. sudden loud noise, a bright flash of light, mosquito bite, painful stimulation of any kind.

Voluntary or volitional attention: There is a conscious effort on our part. If a child takes pain to understand difficult sums, he voluntarily pays attention to the sums. In the examination hall, a student concentrates on the answer of a question and keeps away mind from distraction element like movement of the supervisor.

Non-volitional or Enforced attention: This type lasts as long as there is a stimulus. It is sustained because it appeals to our instinct. This type of attention is very common in small children. Curiosity attracts attention.

Spontaneous non-volitional attention: This type of attention develops on interest. The teacher has to just develop the desirable sentiments for things in the children.

Implicit volitional attention: This type of attention is obtained by introducing some motives such as rewards or punishments.

Explicit volitional attention: Repeated efforts are made to obtain the types of attention. E.g. preparing for an examination, a student makes repeated efforts to learn the portion.

Habitual Attention

During the course of our experience with several things, we are conditioned to attend certain stimuli. This type of attention is seen when one develops interest in the subject. His attention is always attracted towards the subject of his interest. The person who is having interest in singing will be attracted towards the concert. A naturalist is habituated to look for plants.

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Educational Implication of Imagination

October 9th, 2009 by Jashodhara Purkayastha

Teacher is the backbone of education. It is the duty of a teacher to encourage the student to create something new and appreciate. If it is so, an innovative character is created.

Following are the educational implication of Imagination.

1)      Various types of imagination—creative, pragmatic, aesthetic and fantastic are helpful for intellectual growth and self development. These help to form the ideas and accordingly the ambition can be fulfilled.

2)      Education should aim at healthy form of imagination and avoid their growth into harmful channels.

3)       Learning by doing helps to develops pragmatic imagination. Clay modelling, practical work, project work, painting should be encouraged. Doing itself is a kind of thinking and gives the children the higher imaginative thought.

4)      The teacher should encourage the story telling, story competition and explanation of ideas.

5)       Outline should be given for essay writing as this stimulates the imagination of the children. Such exercises encourage creative imagination in the form of aesthetic, pragmatic and fantastic.

6)      History should be taught by telling the stories, using the map. Pictures etc. It will enable them to imagine the different places and time.

7)      Geography should be taught with the help of map, so that the children can imagine the people, climate, different kinds of food, etc.

8)      Aesthetic imagination can be developed by giving the opportunities to pupil to appreciate a poem. To paint picture and to compose a poem.

9)      Dramatization, picture composition, computer graphics, etc. enhance reproductive or creative imagination.

10)  Teacher should provide variety of opportunities for role play as this helps to develop their imagination.

11)  In maths, pupil may be encouraged and asked to frame problems, while in science, scientific problem may be encouraged. This will enable them to imagine in a fruitful manner.

12)  Teacher should begin with reproductive imagination. In the beginning, they will learn to reproduce accurately; later on this will help to produce a creative work.

Imagination has given the world, a Poet, Scientist, Explorer, Painter, etc.

This is a Creative Adventure.

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Posted in Psychology, Social Issues | 2 Comments »

Forgetting

October 4th, 2009 by Jashodhara Purkayastha

The meaning of the word ‘Forgetting ‘ is fail to retain in memory. It is a Spontaneous or gradual process in which old memories are unable to be recalled from memory storage. Forgetting is also important in life. If forgetting does not take place in life, unpleasant situation or experience will grab us and our life will be miserable.

According to Munn,” Forgetting is the loss, permanent or temporary, of the ability to recall or recognize something learned earlier “.

“Forgetting means failure at any time to recall an experiences, when attempting to do so, or to perform an action previously learnt”—- Drever.

Causes of Forgetting

General

  • *         Nature of learning
  • *         Amount of learning
  • *         Degree of learning
  • *         Defective method of learning
  • *         Lack of interest & attention
  • *         Lapse Of Time
  • *         Age and intelligence
  • *         Lack of repetition
  • *         Doubt
  • *         Brain injury
  • *         Desire to forget
  • *         Mental shock
  • *         Use of intoxicant
  • *         Mental conflict
  • *         Mental disease
  • *         Emotional causes

Theoretical

*        Theory of Disuse

*        Repression theory

*        Theory of interference

1) Theory of Disuse : This theory is accepted by Hermann Ebbinghaus. According to him, if the learning material is not used for a long period of time we tend to forget it. Through his experiment he has proved that forgetting takes place due to lapse of time.

2) Repression theory: This theory was ascertained by Sigmund Freud and other psycho analyst. According to them, people do not want to recall the unpleasant or unwanted event which occurred in their life time.

3) Theory of interference:  This theory has been supported by Woodworth, Gular and others. According to them , if any work comes in between learning and recall  it is difficult to remember the already learnt material. This is called Retrospective Inhibition. E.g. as we grow we tend to forget the poem learnt in our childhood.

General causes

Nature of learning Material :  If learning materials are pleasant, simple and meaningful then we do not forget them easily.

Amount of Learning  Material: If the learning material is too long, it takes more time and needs practice.  Due to more practice , we can remember it for a long time.If the learning material is short ,we learn it faster and tends to forget faster.

Degree of learning : We tend to forget the under learning material faster. If we learn for a long time we remember it better.

Defective method of learning : If the proper method is not used while learning , forgetting take place faster.

Lack of interest and attention : Attention and interest are two sides of a coin . If there is no interest in learning there will be no concentration and forgetting will be faster.

Lapse of Time : Time is very precious. If there is a long gap between learning material we tend to forget easily. e.g after a long gap of study ( graduation) if anyone wants to do a new course (e.g M.A ).

Age and Intelligence : Forgetting depends on age and intelligence. Elderly people and sharp intelligent tend to forget faster.

Lack of Repetition : If the learning material is not repeated for a long time ,it can not be recalled properly.

Desire to Forget : Unpleasant moment of life should not be brought to the memory. e.g if the child learns without his will , he tends to forget it easily.

Doubt : Self confidence become less if the person is having a doubt in his mind ,he tends to forget faster.

Brain Injury : If a person meets with an accident and injured his brain, he tends to forget.

Mental shock : Sudden mental shock is injurious to  mental health (memory etc )

Mental conflict : Mental conflict is also a sign of forgetfulness.

Use of intoxicants : The person who smokes, drinks alcohol or take intoxicants forget faster compared to general people.

Mental Disease : Mental disease or disorder makes the memory power weak.

Emotional causes : Emotional breakdown causes forgetting.

Forgetting  is also a necessary aspect of learning like memory.

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