Maturation

August 31st, 2009 by Jashodhara Purkayastha

Maturation means physiological, mental development of a child. Maturation involves the biological processes of growth and differentiation. Training without attaining a definite level of maturation does not yield a good result. The learning and training should begin when a child reaches an appropriate level of maturation, which implies concept of readiness for an activity.

According to Mc Groeth,” Maturation involves changes that are associated with normal growth”. E.g. the child learns to walk, talk when he reaches a certain age.

Baldwin defined: “maturation is an increase in competency and adaptability.”

According to Garry and Kingly: “maturation is a process whereby behaviour is modified as a result of growth and development of physical structure,”

Learning and maturation are closely related in human relationship. e.g. Crawling of a child, suddenly walking, making different sound, etc. Nobody teaches him to sit, when he become enough strong i.e. matured, he himself sit and walk.

Importance / Significance of Maturation

1)   Individual difference in attitude, interest, ambition and personality are not due to maturation alone but due to maturation and learning.

2)   Maturation sets limits, beyond which development cannot progress even with the most favourable learning method and strongest motivation on the part of the learner.

3)   Inter-relationship between maturation and learning establishes a time table for learning.

4)   Learning and maturation are closely interrelated and interdependent. Maturation involves the changes that are associated with normal growth while learning is a change which takes place as a result of stimuli.

Educational Implication

1)   Helps teachers and parents to know to begin the training.

2)   Teacher should have knowledge of maturation.

3)   Teacher should know, at different stages of maturation, different types of learning takes place.

4)   Heredity and environment are essential for growth. The school should provide rich and appropriate environment.

5)   Parents and teachers should not try to burden the child with words or sentences before he arrives at appropriate age.

6)   Child should not be admitted to the first standard before the age of six.

7)   Counselling of a child is essential during his growth into adolescence by analytic method, so that the revolt against set norms is avoided.

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